• Member since June 2020
  • 0 contributed posts
About Elbert_Roy

Colliding Galaxies Created The Solar System

The solar system may have been formed in a long-ago collision between the Milky Way and its orbiting companion the Sagittarius dwarf galaxy. That is the conclusion of astrophysicists in Spain, who have analysed data from the Gaia space observatory. This cosmic “fender bender” – which occurred as Sagittarius’ orbit plunged it through the plane of our galaxy – helped to concentrate cosmic dust in and usher in a period of heightened star formation. this theory is so interesting and for some students, this topic would be a unique one if somebody wants to write my essay about that topic.

First identified as a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way in 1994, the Sagittarius Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxy is around one tenth of the diameter of the Milky Way. Made up of four main globular clusters of stars, our elliptical-shaped neighbour is spiralling around our galaxy on a polar orbit about 50,000 light-years from the galactic core. This brought the galaxy through the plane of the Milky Way several times in the past. Some researchers have even suggested that these collisions over the past six billion years helped to create the Milky Way’s trademark spiral structure.

“It is known from existing models that Sagittarius fell into the Milky Way three times – first about five or six billion years ago, then about two billion years ago, and finally one billion years ago,” says team member and astrophysicist Tomás Ruiz-Lara of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) in Tenerife.

Luminosities And Colours

In their study, Ruiz-Lara and colleagues used data from the European Space Agency’s Gaia telescope to examine the luminosities and colours of the stars that lie within around 6500 light-years of the Sun, as to determine the star formation history of our stellar neighbourhood. They then compared this with existing models of stellar evolution.

The researchers identified three periods in galactic history where star formation appeared to occur at an increased rate — peaking at around 5.7, 1.9 and 1 billion years ago. This corresponds broadly to the times at which the Sagittarius galaxy is believed to have been passing directly through the Milky Way’s disc. After reading that article most of the students would love to write my essay for me related to that subject of an astronomy which is so interesting.

“At the beginning you have a galaxy, the Milky Way, which is relatively quiet. After an initial violent epoch of star formation, partly triggered by an earlier merger […] the Milky Way had reached a balanced state in which stars were forming steadily,” explains Ruiz-Lara. The effect of Sagittarius falling into the Milky Way, he added, was to “disrupt the equilibrium, causing all the previously still gas and dust inside the larger galaxy to slosh around like ripples on water.”

Concentrating Dust And Gas

The effect of these so-called ripples would have been to concentrate dust and gas in certain areas of the galaxy — promoting the more rapid formation of new stars as gravity pulled the material together. At the same time, the collisions also act to strip Sagittarius of some of its gas and dust.

Team member and IAC astrophysicist Carme Gallart observes, “It seems that not only did Sagittarius shape the structure and influenced the dynamics of how stars are moving in the Milky Way, it has also led to [its] build-up”. Without these recurring collisions with the dwarf galaxy, she adds, part of the Milky Way’s stellar mass may not have come to exist – at least, not in the form with which we are familiar – and such may have even included our very own solar system.

The Sagittarius Effect

“The Sun formed at the time when stars were forming in the Milky Way because of the first passage of Sagittarius,” explains Gallart. “We don’t know if the particular cloud of gas and dust that turned into the Sun collapsed because of the effects of Sagittarius or not. But it is a possible scenario because the age of the Sun is consistent with a star formed as a result of the Sagittarius effect.” At school level these topics are included in science subjects so it would also be included in an essay writing service to create more awareness among students about space sciences.

According to ESA Gaia project scientist Timo Prusti – who was not directly involved in the analysis – such detailed insights into the Milky Way’s history would not have been possible before the Gaia observatory’s first data release in 2016.

Profile Details
Elbert_Roy has not enetered any profile details yet.
Join our Community!

Our community is FREE to join. To participate you must either login or register for an account.


Receive news, sky-event information, observing tips, and more from Astronomy's weekly email newsletter. View our Privacy Policy.

Find us on Facebook