"THE ATOMIC EMISSION THEORY"
A Proposed Explanation and Model Of Dark Energy
I am an amateur scientist, and believe I do not yet possess the experience and qualifications to be comfortable in preparing a formal paper for a journal, but feel comfortable in expressing my idea here in a forum.
I have recently developed a Theory I believe which may explain what Dark Energy is, and where it comes from. I would like to express my Theory here for open feedback, both positive and constructive, to the fellow readers. After some research and reading, I believe my Theory is both original and, above all, the correct solution to the Dark Energy enigma.
I call my idea, “The Atomic Emission Theory (TAET)”.
Briefly, Dark Energy (DE) are the emissions produced as a waste product, from all atoms. Like a car engine running, producing waste emissions and expelling it from it's exhaust pipe, so does the atom. From here now, the atom is viewed as a kind of micro engine. An Atomic Engine (AE). Continually running, the AE produces its own emission we refer to as DE. These emissions are expelled out from the atom in all directions, and are not able to re-enter the atom due to the continual buildup and outward pressure of the DE within the atom itself. Each different atom produces a slightly different amount of DE determined by its Relative Atomic Mass (RAM). But for simplicity of the explanation I will refer to a generalised unit of DE for all atoms, to be the same. But if the AE is expelling a waste product, then does it not also need an energy source to maintain it? More on this further down.
The amount, and the pressure of the DE produced is less than that of electrostatic forces, covalent bonds, or gravity. The integrity of the atom, their bonds with each other, and gravity are still maintained, even to the larger scales of people, planets, stars, galaxies and galaxy clusters.
As the DE is being squeezed out from the AE due to its continual production, it makes it's way past and around other AE's until it reaches an area of lesser density. DE continually moves from dense areas towards lesser dense areas. For example, DE builds up within a rock. As the DE becomes denser, the outer layers of the rocks' DE are pushed out further and further, creating a larger and larger DE bubble. A kind of a square dance occurs between the DE from deep inside the rock with it's neighboring AE's which are also producing their own DE. This dance continues all the way to the lesser dense area of the rock, and eventually out. All this occurs because the AE's are continually making more and more DE causing more and more pressure. But yet it is still not strong enough to rip the atoms, or their bonds with each other apart.
DE has been continually produced since atoms were in existence. DE is not absorbed by atoms or any other objects (It has not yet been determined if Black Holes adsorb DE or not. Mathematical modeling would be required to determine if this is, or isn't the case. From here on in, we will make the supposition that Black Holes DO NOT adsorb DE.).
DE has therefore been continuously filling the universe with time. Since DE cannot be re-absorbed back into atoms, it therefore exerts a pressure against them. And since atoms can be bound together with electrostatic forces, other bonds and gravity which are stronger than the DE's force, the DE therefore exerts a pressure on the Entire Combined Unit (ECU) as a whole. If the ECU is not bound to another ECU through electrostatic forces or gravity, then it may be pushed into a determined direction. A push into a determined direction, and its speed at which the ECU travels, is determined by the amount of DE that is being produced, and the surrounding environment.
Let us look at an example of three galaxies (3 ECUs) which are far enough apart that they are NOT locked in together with gravity. Picture the three galaxies at the three points of a virtual triangle all equally spaced apart. Because a galaxy is entirely locked in together with gravity to produce one single ECU, that galaxy is therefore producing one combined DE bubble as a whole. The DE is continually being pushed outwards from its host galaxy in all directions. As each galaxy's DE bubble expands, the inside of the virtual triangle of galaxies will eventually become filled with approximately three times the density of DE, as apposed to the outside of the virtual triangle which will approximately get one and two times the density of DE. Therefore the pressure of DE on the inside of the triangle will be greater than the outside of the triangle, thus allowing the gravitationally UNLOCKED galaxies to be pushed apart in equal and opposite directions. As the three galaxies keep producing more and more DE, they will keep being pushed further and further apart. This process will continue to separate the galaxies until other encroaching galaxies or galaxy clusters come close enough to effect them with their gravity or DE bubble. The universe keeps expanding.
This is the Theory in a nutshell. But then what about the energy required to run the AE's which produce the DE. After some thought, I come to the conclusion that each atom may come already pre-packed with its entire energy supply built into itself. Whether string theory may help solve this dilemma I am unsure. But if atoms do come with their own energy pre-packed, then that would lead to the conclusion that all atoms will eventually run out of their energy, and thus eventually stop producing DE. If they stop running what happens to the atoms then? Do they fall apart into their constituents and drift around, or be pushed around throughout the Universe? Are these constituent parts then the Dark Matter (DM) which is spread throughout the Universe? There is some evidence leading towards this hypothesis. We often experience and see atoms which break down and loose some of themselves. Radioactive decay occurs with carbon 14 giving it a half-life of 5730 years, the radioisotope 40K has a half-life of 1.28 x 109 years, and others such as 87Rb and the nuclides thorium 232, uranium 238 and uranium 235 also decay with time.
My mathematical skills are quite rudimentary and have therefore not even attempted to do the complex mathematical calculations required to substantiate my Theory. My Theory is fully based on past research, reading, experience, and what I believe to be an elegant and logical solution. I look forward to any feedback received.